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New Gravitational Theory with Experimental Validation

David W. Allan and Jeff Lorbeck

March 24, 2000

"Omission heretofore of the energy-density effect on gravitational attraction explains why the measurements of 'G' have been so erratic"

"There are a lot of important time and frequency metrology techniques used here that would be excellent for students to learn and appreciate. The set up is simple, and the result profound in terms of this new gravitational theory."


A revolutionary new gravitational theory is proposed -- including the discovery of diallel, gravitational-field lines. This new gravitational theory is a more general description of the gravitational attraction between bodies than the traditional theory. The traditional theory is a specialized case of the new theory. We have devised and conducted an experiment to differentiate between the new and the traditional and have obtained affirmative results consistent with the new theory. This was accomplished using simple pendulums as gravitational detection devices along with some special timing measurement techniques.

two pendulums with USNO reference clock and thermometer between them

Pendulum clocks used as gravity change detectors.  The energy-density sources were placed alternatively under one clock and then the other -- using synchronous detection to ascertain the slowing of the clocks and the size of the effect predicted by the new gravitational theory.

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1 Abstract (above)
2 Explanation of New Gravitational Theory (next)
2.1 The Fundamental Field Equation
2.1.1 Density Dependence, D
2.1.2 Parallel Component (A2)
2.2 Force Equation for the New Theory
3 Theoretical Basis for the Experiment
4 Experimental Setup to Differentiate between the New and the Old Theories
4.1 A Simple Pendulum as a Detector
4.2 Time and Frequency Measurement Techniques
4.2.1 Advantage of Heterodyne Technique
4.2.2 Counting Cycles of the Pendulums
4.2.3 The Reference Clock
4.2.4 The Quartz Stop Watch
4.2.5 Double the Precision with A,B Comparison
4.2.6 Use of Synchronous Detection and averaging
5 Experimental Results
Table 1: Pendulum Slowing with Different Energy-densities
6 Conclusion
7 Acknowledgments
8 Bibliography

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