Quoting from the book Solar System Astrophysics by Brandt and Hodge
"The displays of Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis have excited
the imagination of men for many years. Considerable observational and
theoretical effort has been devoted to the solution of the auroral problem,
but essential understanding is yet to come."
Though this book is copyright 1964, and much has been learned since then,
still this field of research has many mysteries and unexplained phenomena.
The Aurora Borealis is a good example of atmospheric conditions being in
the correct alignment to see radiation in the visible from the high-energy
electrons following diallel lines and causing atmospheric molecules to move to
an excited energy state -- after which they emit in the visible, which we see.
The center of the velocity distribution of electrons from the sun is about
1.2 Mm/s (2.7 million MPH or about 0.4 percent of the velocity of light).
Capturing this much energy in the form of an excited electron decaying and
radiating a photon yields a photon with a frequency of about 1 X 1015
Hz. This is in the near ultraviolet region of the spectrum. The
width of the velocity distribution would produce transitions both in the
optical and further into the ultraviolet.
This new unified field theory would predict a congruent set of spectral
lines in the ultra violet corresponding to each of the lines in the visible
because of the allowed quantum states of these spiraling electrons. This
congruency occurs symmetrically on either side of approximately the above UV
frequency for the following reasons. As the electrons come into the
North Pole of the earth, the spiraling direction caused by the magnetic field
and the diallel gravitational field lines are both clockwise with, of course,
the gravitational force vector being downward. This moves the electrons
into a higher set of quantum states than after the electron is reflected back
up. As the electron is slowed down in the converging magnetic field
lines it radiates in a set of lines in the UV region of the spectrum.
When these electrons are reflected -- going away from the earth -- this moves
the electrons into a lower set of quantum states, which causes the electrons
as they undergo transitions with their acceleration in the magnetic field to
radiate in the visible, which is what we see. These UV photons could be
measured with special spectral analysis equipment and have been observed on
Saturn with a UV camera on the Hubble telescope.
This new theory also explains why the aurora are much stronger in the
Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern. Since the spin direction of an
electron coming into the North magnetic pole along a magnetic field line is
clockwise and is complemented by the spin direction due to the diallel
gravitational field lines, there is an augmentation in the Northern Hemisphere
of the earth for those higher-energy electrons reaching the earth and being
conducted through the center. On the other hand, there is some
cancellation in the Southern Hemisphere. That is, the electron's spin is
counter-clockwise coming into the south magnetic pole, while they want to spin
clockwise due to the diallel gravitational field lines. This then
results in a resistance at the south magnetic pole. The net is a flow of
electrons from the North to the South Poles of the earth. This then
sustains the magnetic field of the earth. Since most of the interaction of the
diallel lines and the magnetic field lines occur near the poles, this has
negligible effect on humanity.
One can simulate the Aurora Borealis by simulating the North Pole with a
magnetic field -- divergent in nature as at the North Pole -- going through a
container of liquid nitrogen and the vapor that forms above it. This
vapor acts like the atmosphere for the northern lights to reflect off of as we
see the visible variable lines as they play across the sky.
Aurora Borealis Simulation
for the Earth
Emitting electrons from above the container at the right velocity downward
toward the liquid nitrogen, which will then follow diallel gravitational field
lines' as well as the convergent magnetic field lines, will bring about the
simulation. These electrons will spiral clockwise as they interact with
the magnetic field and with the diallel gravitational field quantum states.
As the electrons lose momentum -- being decelerated by the convergent
magnetic field -- they will undergo quantum transitions in the UV region of
the spectrum. As they are reflected back up the magnetic field lines,
they will undergo transitions in a congruent set of quantum states in the
visible region of the spectrum -- giving rise to the radiated colors observed
in Aurora Borealis.
The right velocity for the electron emission will be dependent on the
convergence and the strength of the magnetic field chosen for the experiment.
Since such a simulation will be a microscopic simulation of the North Magnetic
Pole, some calculations will help to determine a proper range for this
electron emission velocity.