The new unified field theory presented herein offers a different way of modeling the
gravitational field. This new theory shows how the known force fields work
together. We have studied numerous past experimental validations and propose a
variety of additional experiments that could be performed that would validate this new
theory. If the theory is valid, it has very far reaching implications as well as
application opportunities that could provide significant benefit to society.
The applications cover a large number of disciplines, and there will not be space in
this paper to develop how all of these tie in to this new theory. Additional information,
for those interested, is available on the web site [www.allanstime.com].
To date we have 32 such experiments or novel explanations, which have already been done,
or they are observables of past experience. In addition, we list 13 additional
potential experiments -- some with potentially important areas of application. Our
hope is that this new theory will be investigated by experts in each of the listed areas,
and that they will participate in the pioneering of this new theory as these experimental
suggestions are researched. Toward this end, for those colleagues desiring to join
in the research, we are publishing the basic ideas and thought processes to understand the
theory before it is fully developed. Also, we are not experts in many of the disciplines
where opportunities lie. Experts in each area could perhaps better test the theory and
come up with additional opportunities for research or application. We see the
potential for thousands of theses. It will take the efforts of many as truth
validation and application are pursued in cooperation. The following, beginning,
list includes past, in process, and future activities, which validate or would validate
this new unified field theory.
This is a List of Validations
and/or Applications. Those items with a leading "[o]" are
marked to indicate future experiments.
- Provides a basic unified field theory equation and the mechanism of how the known force
fields (gravitational, electromagnetic, and the strong and weak nuclear) interact and work
- Explanation of why a nuclear (or very large) explosion has associated with it a column
(stem of the mushroom cloud)
- Explanation of why the stem of a mushroom cloud extends beyond the mushroom into space
to inordinate heights if the explosion is extremely large -- like the thermonuclear fusion
hydrogen bomb explosions (called Mike and Bravo) set off in the Pacific of 10.5 and 15
Megatons of TNT equivalent, respectively
- Explanation of why on some occasions the stem of the mushroom cloud shrinks inward --
emitting photons as it does so
- Predicts that immediately after the time of a nuclear explosion, radiation will be
emitted to the core of the earth, where much of it is reflected, and onto the opposite
side of the earth (Fortunately for humans, most of the test sites have been opposite large
bodies of water, though some unreported repercussions may have occurred with ocean life on
the opposite side.)
- Explains and predicts significant earth core heating resulting from the accumulated
effect of nuclear explosions with spin off characteristics of ocean warming and ozone
- Explains the mechanism of core heating of the earth
- Provides a mechanism for why the earth has a magnetic field and how and why it can
- Explains the mechanism for the colors in the Aurora Borealis and why it occurs
- Explains why Aurora Borealis is more active, in general, than Aurora Australis.
- [o] Provides a simple laboratory experiment using liquid nitrogen to simulate the
Aurora Borealis at the North Pole
- Explains why Tesla's radio-frequency experiment using the earth as a resonator worked as
- Explains how whales communicate over very long distances using ULF frequencies
- Explains how fireflies remain in synchronism over significant distances -- out of sight
of each other
- Provides additional explanation for the nature of lightning
- Explains much of the phenomena that occurs above intense lightning storms known as
"elfs," "blue jets" and "red sprites," only documented
within this decade
- Provides a mechanism for the coupling between the angular momentum of the Earth's
atmosphere and the rotation rate of the earth, which have been observed to be correlated
with near zero lag time
- Explains why, in part, the static-friction coefficient is typically greater than the
- Models and predicts the intensity of the sun spot cycles and when the maxima and minima
- Shows the importance of planetary alignments with the sun, electron flow from the sun,
and the dynamics of the magnetic fields of the sun and of the planets as they tie directly
to sunspot activity
- [o] The astronomy community predicts no significant effects from the planetary
alignment during the first part of May 2000. Others predict disastrous
effects. This new theory predicts some effects, which includes the possibility of
increased radio and electromagnetic transmission interference, the possibility of
increased whether activity, the possibility of increased volcanic and earthquake activity,
the Aurora Borealis should be large as also for Jupiter and Saturn (except that they will
be on the opposite side of the sun from the earth at that time, and will be difficult to
observe). Actually, Jupiter and Saturn line up with the sun around 13 June 2000,
which is more significant according to this new theory than the general alignment talked
about in May. Jupiter and Saturn are both slightly inclined in their orbits to the
earth's ecliptic plane, and at that time they will be 2.5 degrees apart due to their
- Explains why magnetic pole reversals occur in the Sun about every 11 years, and why they
occur in the planets as well -- including the earth
- Provides a fundamental insight into how and why gravitational fields can be modified,
focused and defocused
- [o] Provides a mechanism for constructing an anti-gravity device
- [o] Provides a means of using laser beams to study the profile of the moon
- [o] Provides a unique mechanism, along the lines of Tesla's work, for sending
laser signals through the earth and determining the mass center to a very high accuracy.
- Provides additional explanation as to why people derive health benefits from jumping on
a rebounder (mini-trampoline)
- Explains why an egg can be stood on end and remain stable with perturbations present --
even against a perfectly smooth hard surface and with the egg being smooth as well
- [o] Provides a simple mechanism for testing an aspect of this new theory by
measuring the RF field of an egg when erect and when on its side as electrons move up and
down along the vertical diallel gravitational field lines (see explaination of diallel in
- Provides additional explanation of the behavior of plant growth
- [o] Provides a simple experiment for aligning seeds along a vertical axis as a
validation of this new theory
- Explains why after jumping on a trampoline there is the strong tendency for a person's
hair to stand out
- Provides an explanation of why the images observed in Kirlian photography are thus
- [o] Opens the opportunity for the construction of an "electron-wheel"
device which will be very important in measuring the behavior of the gravitational field
on the earth or in space
- Opens up additional perspectives in the explanation of and behavior of
- Explains why -- on those occasions when the stem of a nuclear explosion mushroom cloud
collapses inward -- it turns black. This is a miniature example of a process that
occurs in a black-hole
- [o] Opens the opportunity for validation experiments using electrons, protons and
- Gives additional importance to the role of neutrons in the balance of nature's forces
- Explains the dark bands going out from the sun as observed, for example, during the 11
August 1999 eclipse
- Explains the spokes going out radially from Saturn -- observed during the Voyager I
encounter -- as the diallel gravitational field lines emanating from that planet being
traversed by electrons (as explained below), which were interacting with particles in
band-B of Saturn's rings
- Explains why satellites, reported by NASA JPL, appear to be heavier than current
gravitational theory would account for
- [o] Provides a simple experiment to explain why satellites may appear heavier at
- [o] Provides an experiment to observe distortions in the local vertical and
effects on the period of a pendulum in the immediate proximity of a power transformer
- [o] Provides an experiment which will give a direct measurement of the
relationship between energy of a system and the gravitational attraction, which will also
provide an improved value of the Universal Gravitational constant, "G"
- Explains why significant variations exist in the estimation of the masses of the planets
and of the sun -- depending on how and when the measurements were made
- [o] Suggests an experiment which will find a correlation of the orbit periods of
the moons of planets with the energy-density of same
- Opens the possibility for a fifth and most important force field -- resulting in an
extremely important harmonization of the other force fields
As can be seen from the above list, one of the most encouraging aspects of this new
theory is that it provides explanations for many phenomena in nature, which heretofore
were not well explained. Because of space, we will only give a few examples in the
text. Additional information is obtainable from the web-site [www.allanstime.com]. Even more encouraging are
the application opportunities and what they can mean to society.
Having the correct model is key to understanding. We have the famous historical
story of how difficult a time the astronomers had in modeling the position of the planets
until the work of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton. The previous model
assumed that the earth was the center of the universe. Given this model, the Greek
name for the planets (meaning wanderers) was well deserved -- as no one could predict well
their future positions.
Based on the accurate observations of Tycho Brahe, Kepler deduced his three laws of
planetary motion, and they were like a fresh breath of air for the modeling and the
predicting of planetary motion. To this day, these laws are very useful.
The technological advancement and the scientific understanding gained since Kepler's
era have provided society with the countless blessings of modern technology, but with
significant challenges coming from by-products of these inventions and their
applications. This new theory opens up significant hope for reducing or eliminating
many of the pollutants that currently plague the world community.
The four known force fields in nature are gravitational, electromagnetic, and the
strong and week nuclear forces. This new unified field theory combines these forces
into a harmonious working set of relationships. This was one of the main goals of
Einstein before he died, and many have worked on this since. Here, we only introduce this
new theory without a full set of working equations. These yet need to be developed
by the theoreticians.
Understanding how these four force fields tie together provides significant physical
insight and opens up opportunities for extremely important applications for the benefit of
society. This better allows one to work with nature so that by-products of these
technological developments will minimize potentially harmful effects.
This new unified field theory illustrates the harmony of the fundamental force fields
and most of the commonly accepted laws of nature. We present herein a new model,
which opens up new perspectives because it provides a different way of viewing the laws of
nature. It also opens the way to a fifth force field, which is consistent with
recent findings, and which is the governing force field in a harmonious, well-ordered
Here, we give only a brief and synoptic review. This is for two reasons: 1) to
show how many of the current theories of physics tie nicely into the new theory, and 2) so
that maximum space in the paper can be given to the rational, and important, experimental
validations of the new theory. There will only be space in this paper for a few
important validations, and some application opportunities will also be shared.
The general model now being used to describe the gravitational field is that the waves
are transverse to the direction of propagation of the gravitational energy. As
predicted by Einstein, the energy travels at the velocity of light. No experiments
have been able to directly measure gravitational waves, but from the interaction of
gravitational waves between a binary pulsar pair, Professor Joseph Taylor (Princeton U.)
was able to confirm Einstein's prediction that gravitational energy travels at the
velocity of light.
From the effective mass of a photon, m = hv/c2
(h is Planck's constant, v is the
frequency of the electromagnetic energy of the photon, and c is the
velocity of light), Einstein predicted a very slight interaction of photons with
gravitational fields, and this was first measured as light photons were observed being
bent as they passed by the gravitational field of the sun. Many additional
experiments followed supporting this interaction between electromagnetic radiation and
As we know, electromagnetic energy is heart and core to both our society's existence as
well as to most of the technological progress we have made. These waves, traveling at the
speed of light, are transverse. They have been measured in a plethora of ways, and
through Maxwell's equations describe much of what we see and feel -- all the way from the
energy radiated from the sun to the light bulb in our house and the signal propagated down
our telephone line and throughout the power grids of the world. All of
telecommunications, navigation, and the computer industry are prime examples of how
electromagnetic energy is utilized to benefit society.
The weak and strong force fields of nuclear reactions have been studied extensively
since the discovery of the atomic bomb. It is, of course, well known that large
amounts of high energy electromagnetic radiation and particles come forth from these
reactions -- giving important relationships between these last two force fields and the
emitted electromagnetic photons. Here, Einstein's famous equation E = mc2
is key to our understanding, where "E" is the energy inherent within the mass
The energy associated with a photon is "E = hv".
Hence, we have the very important and powerful relationship in the conversion of
electromagnetic energy into mass or vis-a-versa: mc = hv. The very
high frequency x- rays and gamma rays emitted from nuclear reactions are a direct result
of these mass conversions into photons during fission or fusion reactions.
The new equations below will be explained for this new model -- along with fundamental
particle and photon interactions consistent with this new model. Then, to illustrate,
sundry experiments will be outlined which demonstrate the interactions and relationships
between the known fields. Many of these experiments have already been done or are a
part of past observations. The new theory gives explanations which were heretofore
either not understood or were rather ambiguous in the models used to attempt their
For example, for a sphere the gravitational field lines are along radii and would
appear, if they could be seen visually, somewhat like the spins on a spiney urchin as they
emanate out from the center of the sphere. More descriptively, they would have the
shape of a "diatom" with the field lines appearing to fan out like the shape of
a ball bat. These lines -- fanning out from the mass center -- are called diallel,
gravitational-field lines or diallel lines. All of the force fields interact with
these diallel lines, and they provide a conduit for particles, photons, gravitational
energy. As the DNA is to living organisms -- carrying and retaining information, so
are these diallel lines for any mass object, such as the earth, for example.
Though electromagnetic signals (photons) and atomic particles traverse across these
diallel gravitational field lines with the well known patterns of behavior, in this new
theory there is also a force to cause them to flow along these diallel lines. These
diallel lines are fundamental to this new unified field theory. A classic example is
when a nuclear explosion takes place. Large amounts of electromagnetic energy and high
velocity particles are emitted from the reactions and follow along these diallel
lines. The well known stem of the mushroom cloud dramatically illustrates this
The following equation is fundamental in understanding how the four force fields
interact and come together for this new unified field theory:
where D is the relativistic density, E is the energy of the unified field, c is the
velocity of light, G is the universal gravitational constant, and the last part of the
equation, / A2*, will be explained
below. D and E are tensors with eigenvalues and quantum states associated therewith.
should read "capital Pi, sub-2"
The density is the dependent variable; changes in the energy (energy flow in and out of
a region) cause changes in the density. For example, the energy flow to and/or away
from any space-time continuum along the gravitational diallel lines determines the
corresponding change in the density in that space-time continuum. Appreciating the
energy field at the particle as well as in a region is central to the understanding of
this theory. The energy can come from any of the force fields. For example,
both equations apply: E = mc2, where m is the relativistic
mass and E = hv, where "h" is Planck's constant "v"
is the electromagnetic frequency of the photon.
Energy can come from the other force fields as well. Later we will see some
spectacular and very important examples of this interplay of the force fields.
A dimensional analysis of the above equation reveals that A2
has dimensions of length, time and mass as the four known fields interact. The
forward slash "/" denotes being parallel in the unified field theory's
mass-space-time continuum. The "sub-2" on the "A" denotes that part parallel for the receiver in the
space-time continuum with respect to the energy emitted by the transmitter along diallel
lines in its environment or region.
Combining the energy with this term we have E/Pi2. Hence, we
see that this denotes the energy per mass, per length and per time taken in the parallel
direction of the local diallel lines. The quantity in the denominator of
equation(1), cG, is the normalizing factor, so that the dependent variable, D, is the
density factor taken in the parallel direction of the diallel lines. It is the
density that is the final determining factor for the force fields -- the four known fields
plus a fifth.
The subscript "sub-2" denotes the receiver of the energy field. Since
the change in the source of the energy field is implied to be the initiator of the density
change, it is implied as being "sub-1." Thus, the reason for no subscript
on the energy, E, and the resulting density, D.
The dependent variable "D" can also be taken as density of matter in the
usual sense: mass per unit volume. But in general, "D" is a tensor
description as the dependant variable resulting from that part of the energy tensor,
"E," given by the parallel part A2,
as will be described later.
This equation has application at both the particle level as well as the macroscopic
level. For example, we may conceptualize a particle placed in a quantized energy
field, which field can come from any of the force fields. A particle interacts with
this combined field to determine its density (quantum state, for example). One may
think of it as an energy pressure: the greater the energy the greater the density.
The constant of proportionality is 1/cG. The speed of light, c, is also the speed
of gravitational waves. The velocity of light squared, c2, is also the
proportionality constant in the conversion of mass into energy, since E = mc2.
Of course, 1/c2 is the proportional constant in the opposite conversion of
energy into mass, since m = E/c2.
The universal gravitational constant, G, logically is needed to tie the gravitational
field to the other energy fields. We see that the density, D, has great significance in
this new theory.
A free electron, with no other outside forces, naturally spirals downward along a
diallel gravitational field line toward the mass center -- reminiscent of the appearance
of the DNA structure. It spirals clockwise as one looks down along this diallel
line, and while so traveling it can exist in one of several quantum states. It will
emit or absorb photons as it changes from one quantum state to another similar to what
naturally happens within atoms and molecules. One has direct evidence of this in the
Aurora-Borealis with complementary spin directions of the electrons in the diallel lines
and in the magnetic field of the earth, and some of the quantum states are evidenced by
the multiple colors of photons emitted during this phenomenon.
In this simple model for the electron, one observes that there are two forces: 1)
gravitational -- pulling the electron, as it spirals along this diallel gravitational
field line, toward the mass center, and 2)the attraction keeping it in its quantum state
with respect to a particular diallel line. Its quantized-spiral energy state is
determined by the energy field in which it finds itself. This will become evident in
some experimental examples -- given later.
From this new theory, we learn that when an electron reaches the mass origin (such as
the center of the earth, for example), its energy typically contributes to core heating in
different ways. At the center of the earth, a controlled fission process is on
going. These entering electrons can contribute to a variety of nuclear
reactions. If a high energy electron combines with an available proton -- creating a
neutron -- then a large quantum of photon energy is necessary to make up the mass deficit;
this process is part of the cooling stabilization necessary for core equilibrium. There is
a change in momentum as it reverses its direction of spiraling and starts up a diallel
line. Significant heating takes place at the center of the earth, for example, as a result
of this reversal because of the enormous net number of electrons that flow through the
center of the earth -- maintaining the earth's magnetic field.
Since free electrons are in much greater abundance than most any other atomic
particles, their behavior is of primary interest. They are the principal "food"
from the sun for the earth. Since they carry a negative charge, and they are extremely
light, they become a very useful tool for experimentation and verification of the
theory. We will see this in the experimental section.
Because electrons repel other electrons, the earth has a significant shell of high
electron density at the surface of the earth. This is like the surface tension for water;
this shell creates a barrier, but is penetrable. After an electron enters the earth
along a diallel line with a sufficient velocity to penetrate the electrostatic force at
the shell, it will continue along a diallel line to the center of the earth and out on the
opposite side with no net effect from the electron shell, if it does not interact with the
fission process at the core, or if it is not reflected by the core.
For a homogeneous sphere, these diallel lines are along diameters and are straight in a
non-rotating frame of reference. In a rotating frame, they will appear curved as do
light beams. This must be accounted for in experiments using the rotating earth as
Since protons are usually bound in atoms and/or molecules, their abundance is much less
than that of electrons. In nuclear reactions, free protons are emitted, as they are
from the sun, in great abundance. Since they are about 2,000 times more massive than
an electron and they have a positive charge, their behavior is significantly different,
but similar in important details.
A free proton interacting with a diallel gravitational field line will also naturally
spiral downward toward the mass origin of the diallel line. It, however, will spiral
counter-clock-wise and also in a quantized state. Similar to the electron, it will
interact with the particles at the origin -- providing energy and affecting their density
-- also according to equation 1. The proton will also reverse its spiral direction at the
mass center. Given its much larger cross section, its probability of arriving at the
center of the earth is greatly reduced. If protons are emitted from the core, they
continue to spiral in the opposite direction of that of the electrons (counter-clockwise
as viewed from above).
For the earth, the penetration depth of a proton is negligibly small, because basically
all it sees is electrons -- to which it is immediately attracted -- making hydrogen, which
then joins with another hydrogen atom to make a hydrogen molecule or implodes with oxygen
to make water. The fact that we don't see a large amount of this activity indicates
that the number of free protons at the surface of the earth is small. Because of
these reasons, protons do not typically continue with significant probability to the
center of the earth. They are, however, very important in nuclear reactions and in
the effects on our atmosphere as they are projected from the sun along diallel lines.
Neutrons travel down the center of the diallel gravitational field lines -- somewhat
like they reside at the nucleus of an atom. They exist in quantum states and their
velocities are a function of local density parallel to their movement per equation
(1). Remember, this density can come from any of the force fields and includes the
local mass. Neutrons don't spiral like electrons and protons, but due to their mass,
they contribute to the local density and move along a diallel line toward the mass origin
of the gravitational field. They change quantum states as they interact with local
Even though there are a very small percentage of neutrons penetrating the crust of the
earth as compared with electrons, they still play a very important role at the core of the
earth. They can also be generated at the core, which provides important core cooling
-- stabilizing the core heating from the balanced continuous fission process on going
there, and which is fed by the very large number of electrons, which arrive at the core
from the sun.
Generally, in this unified field theory, the neutron is a key player because it helps
to maintain balance. The neutron could be called the converter as it converts
energy from one form into another as it is either created or as it splits. It, of
course, can be split in a nuclear reaction into an electron and a proton with also the
emission of a high energy photon.
In a typical atomic bomb explosion, large amounts of electrons, protons, neutrons and
high energy photons are emitted -- along with other atomic particles. The amount of
each depends on the kind of nuclear reaction. Neutron bombs have been designed to emit
large amounts of neutrons. These are much harder to shield against because the
neutron has no charge, and the neutrons are high energy. The principle designed
attribute of the neutron bomb is that it will penetrate structures without destroying
them, and reach and kill people from the intensity of the radiation.
Like a light-pipe, when emitted along a diallel path, photons will transmit their
energy at the speed of light along that path until reaching a reflecting or refracting
boundary or absorbing material. Photons also contribute to core heating of the earth
and the sun. They also contribute energy in the above equation causing increased
density as they travel along diallel lines.
It is well known how photons bend at some boundary according to the change in the index
of refraction at that boundary. The path taken can be exactly calculated according
to Fermat's principle (the principle of least action). In other words, nature likes to be
most efficient. This is very analogous in this new unified field theory. The
bending of the diallel gravitational field lines is a function of the density (like the
index of refraction) as driven by the energy flow parallel to the diallel lines.
Hence, like light, diallel gravitational field lines can be refracted (focused or
defocused), reflected or absorbed. A black hole is an example of absorption.
In the experimental section, we will see examples of refraction.
Under certain conditions, photon energy can continue through the earth and be reflected
as in Tesla's experiment. He was able to bounce a radio signal off of the other side
of the earth and build up the energy density. His experiment was a very good example
of the diallel gravitational field lines working for him as conduits of the RF energy
generated. This is discussed more in the experimental section.
There are some very important experiments to be done in this regard. It is of
particular interest that whales can communicate using ULF frequencies over very large
distances utilizing the resonance frequencies of the earth. A frequency of 23.56 Hz has a
wave length of one earth diameter.
Although we have not obtained an analytic expression for the new force field on an
electron or proton traveling along a diallel gravitational field line, the particle will
exist in a quantum state that may be described as a density distribution in a manner
analogous to that arising in atomic and molecular physics and leading to so-called
electron orbitals. It may be helpful in envisioning the diallel quantum states to consider
other physical systems with cylindrical symmetry and having eigenfunction solutions. One
such example is the set of modes defining the electromagnetic fields propagating along a
circular-cylindrical waveguide. Of special interest are the modal distributions in the
case of highly-overmoded waveguides, a situation that may occur when the free-space
wavelength of the electromagnetic field is much less than the diameter of the waveguide.
Solving the electromagnetic wave equation subject to the appropriate boundary conditions
and assuming a waveguide of infinite length yields field expressions given in terms of
Bessel functions of the first kind. These functions provide an orthogonal set with which
to describe the waveguide modes. The eigenvalues are related to the zeroes of the Bessel
functions. The particle density distributions in a diallel-quantum state would be
described in terms of a similar set of orthogonal functions. Although a great many
electrons could propagate along a diallel line by occupying a multiplicity of quantum
states, Fermi-Dirac statistics would limit the number of electrons in each state to two
electrons. In addition, just as the electromagnetic field can be circularly polarized (the
macroscopic manifestation of the spin quantum number of the associated photons) leading to
a spiraling of the field vectors in the circular waveguide, the density distribution of a
particle in a diallel-quantum state may also be described as spiraling.
In addition, the force field equations need to be developed for neutrons, photons as
well as the other fundamental particles. Clearly, there is a great amount of work
and insight yet to be gained as we press forward in these areas. Here, we hope our
colleagues will bring forth their insights, wisdom and expertise.
As generated by man, the development of the atomic bomb gave the first experimental
occasion for the four known force fields to be present in one reaction. These four
fields are the gravitational, the electromagnetic and the two nuclear (the weak and the
strong as they are called).
A classic illustration of equation (1) is with an atomic bomb explosion. (as
illustrated) The singularity of the rapidly high rising column -- like a mushroom
stem -- is very unique. According to classical theory the blast should go out in all
directions. Instead, it keeps a columnar shape to very high altitudes. Outside
this new unified field theory, none of the current theories give a clear explanation of
why this column exists as it does.
Nuclear Explosions Follow Diallel Lines
Fission or Fusion
This new unified field theory provides a mechanism for a very large
number of diallel gravitational-field lines going up from the immediate proximity of the
explosion to form the one column. In the main reaction, the explosion carries matter
and charged particles up these diallel lines within this column. Pushing against the
resistance of the atmosphere it mushrooms out in the well known fashion. This is
like pushing a chewed on tooth pick against a wall -- making it flare out and fold back on
itself. The main column remains tight in contrast to a non-nuclear (TNT type bomb,
for example) where the energy density is not high enough to bring about a focus of the
energy along a column; so it dissipates in all directions. In a TNT blast with
sufficient energy this columnar focusing occurs also.
What is not well known, and is predicted by the above theory, is that if the right
energy density conditions exist, a quantum transition takes place. This has been
observed in some explosions, that after the column has achieved a certain height, the
column collapses inward -- the density increasing as a result of the increased energy.
This behavior is predicted according to this new unified field theory. Heretofore,
this phenomena has been unexplained.
As this macroscopic quantum transition takes place with the increased density, a large
amount of electromagnetic energy is emitted. One can notice the crown of the
mushroom cloud light more intensely immediately after this collapse of the column.
At the moment of the explosion, a nearly equal amount of energy is emitted downward
along the diallel gravitational field lines going to the center of the earth.
Some of the energy will pass through, but a significant portion will be reflected off of
the core and return within about one sixtieth of a second to augment the energy in the
explosion itself. Some of the energy is absorbed -- adding to core heating of the
As the energy builds up in the column, one may often observe at the time the column
collapses, with the increased energy-density, that the column will turn black. This
is like a black hole -- with the energy density being so great that light is
trapped. This causes, to a degree, diallel-line absorption. At the mushroom
crown we have a degree of reflection. Later on, we will see an example of
diallel-line refraction. Often, at the moment of this collapse, one will see light
emitted out the top of the column in the mushroom cloud -- which are photons from these
quantum transitions occurring during the collapse.
There are many who believe that an unusual feature at the time of an equinox is that
one can stand an egg on end and have it remain standing. This is believed by many
people in many lands. The traditional astronomer believes that there is nothing
unique at the periods of the two equinoxes (vernal or autumnal) as to whether an egg has a
greater or lesser probability of being stood on its end. The traditional explanation is
the rough surface may act like a miniature tripod. This new theory explains why one
can stand an egg on its end at any time of the year.
Because of the 23o tilt of the earth's spin axis, we have the significant
event that occurs at the period of the equinoxes. At this period the earth's spin
axis is exactly at right angles with the direction to the sun from the earth. At
this point the diallel gravitational field lines have a nice symmetry for the earth, and
there will be minimal distortion from the vertical for these lines at this period.
This means that free electrons in an egg can travel along these vertical diallel field
lines and be used in the following way -- perhaps with maximum stability during the
equinox period. But the theory predicts that an egg can be stood upright on any day of the
year if there are enough free electrons present and the local diallel gravitational field
lines are not perturbed from the vertical.
If one takes an egg and stands it on end on a flat surface, if carefully placed, it
will remain standing maintained by the free electrons traveling up and down the diallel
lines -- most of them reflecting off of the shell of the egg. With very careful
sensing equipment, this electron flow could be measured, which keeps the egg upright.
There is a slight complication in this experiment because an egg is not exactly
symmetric about its axis. The yoke is typically set off to one side, and with
different densities between the yoke and the white, or clear portion, this will typically
lead to some natural imbalance. Also, an egg as it ages will have the white pull
away from the wall at the end of the egg. You may have seen this in a boiled
egg. A fresh egg will be fully filled.
The reason the egg is stabilized in the vertical is from the principle of least action
(Fermat's Principle). The electrons flow freely up and down the diallel lines in the
egg -- reflecting off of the walls of the egg as a natural boundary. The longest
direction for the diallel lines, and hence the lowest frequency (lowest energy condition),
for the electrons' oscillations up and down these diallel lines is when the egg is
vertical. (See the figure)
There will be a very weak RF field emitted by the egg as a result of this
oscillation. This frequency will increase when it is laying on its side -- the
length to the width dimension of an egg being roughly 5:4. Such a measurement would
provide a direct test of the model for this new theory and of the presence of these
gravitational diallel field lines.
The first author, working out of his home, made a significant effort to conduct this
experiment scientifically -- using a large variety of chicken eggs: fresh, not fresh,
cooked, not cooked, fertilized and unfertilized. With fine emery paper the ends of
some of them were polished to be as round as they reasonably could. A perturbing
environment was selected so that the active servo to keep the egg standing could be
studied. A variety of times both day and night were used to consider all phases of
the sun and the moon. The experiment was started 23 September 1999 in conjunction
with the vernal equinox with the intent to carry the experiment through a full quarter --
to the winter solstice. An extensive set of notes are available on the web site [www.allanstime.com] around these experiences.
The following is a summary of the major findings.
The perturbation study was fascinating. A section of kitchen counter over a
dishwasher was chosen because of its vibration during the wash cycle and because of the
dishwasher door being opened and closed along with a fair amount of bumping of the counter
as people used the kitchen sink adjacent to the dishwasher. Also, significant Fall
breezes came through the kitchen and across the standing eggs from time to time.
Some of any of the above listed categories of eggs could be made to stand. Fertilized,
fresh eggs seemed to be somewhat easier both to get standing and to remain so.
Smoothly rounding the end on which the egg stood had little significance. If
the egg were rough on the end, this could work against you or for you. The greatest
variation was from egg to egg. If an egg wee easy to stand on end -- like within
seconds -- then it would tend to be that way over a long period of time. If an egg
were difficult to stand, it would continue to be so, and would tend to topple more easily
due to perturbations. Some eggs that could not be made to stand at times could be made to
at other times and then sometimes easily. Others could never be made to stand.
It was not uncommon to see an egg go through a small set of damped oscillations as it
would find its point of maximum stability. Most of the time the eggs would have a
slight lean to them due to the imbalanced yoke situation mentioned above. It was
often the case that an egg could be made to stand more readily in a particular
orientation. Once that orientation was found and marked, should the egg be tipped
over, it could be made to stand up quite quickly in its preferred orientation.
Often, breezes would come through the kitchen and not topple the eggs. On one
occasion, a strong breeze tipped over two of four. On another occasion, with two
standing, a very strong breeze came through -- blowing the paper towel up in the air that
had been placed close by to keep the eggs from rolling on the floor should they tip
over. The one nearest the sink blew over in the direction of the wind. About a
second later, the other fell over into the wind as if it had developed a torque to
compensate for the wind and then the wind let up. Apparently, the response in its
internal servo did not have sufficient bandwidth to accommodate this quick change.
Eggs could never be made to stand on top of a piano. All different kinds were
tried as well as a variety of phases of the moon and sun. Apparently, the
"PIANO WIRES" both interact with and perturb the local diallel gravitational
field lines. The wires will conduct electrons from end to end -- much like an egg -- and
set up tiny RF fields which could either attract or repel that of the egg.
Some eggs could not be made to stand at certain times, while some hours later they
could quite easily be made to stand. There seemed to be preferred times of the day and
night when it was easier to stand the eggs. It seemed to correlate with the phase of
the moon and sun -- alignments typically giving the best probability.
Usually, once an egg is made to stand, it will remain for a long time. One
fertilized egg(brown with a large tilt to it) remained standing for more than five weeks
until it was hit by a falling cup. There was some indication that the servo
stability improved with time, but if so, only so slightly. One egg, which stood
readily, came to a point where it could not be made to stand at all.
When a nuclear explosion occurs, large amounts of energy (both particle and
electromagnetic) are emitted up and down along the diallel gravitational field
lines. We observe the upward energy in the stem of the mushroom cloud, which is
formed. A significant portion of the energy going down is reflected off of the core
of the earth, and within a fraction of a second it augments the energy already in the
diallel gravitational field line column -- helping to form the stem of the mushroom
cloud. This could well augment the energy density increase causing the stem to
collapse inward on itself -- like a black hole. At this point in the process, the
stem often turns black -- emitting no light as it is trapped like in a black hole.
In principle, special sensors configured underneath an explosion, could sense this
enormous energy and particle fields emitted downward, but probably nothing could be built,
in practice, to withstand the intensity. Since some of the energy follows the
diallel field lines to the other side of the earth, sensing equipment could pick these up,
but it still would be quite intense.
The columns emitted upward in the Pacific Ocean for the two thermo-nuclear explosions
(nuclear fusion) named Mike and Bravo had some very important features worthy of noting in
support of the current theory. (See the figure) These were set off in 1952 and 1954
respectively, and they were the largest explosions ever set off by the USA -- 10.4
Megatons and 15 Megatons, respectively, equivalent of TNT. Either of these
explosions were greater than the accumulated size of all previous nuclear explosions and
including all the bombs exploded in all the wars in the history of the earth.
The island in the Atolls where Mike was set off no longer exists and 14 pentagon
buildings could be placed in the crater it created. In both cases, the head of the
mushroom cloud -- pushing against the atmosphere -- dispersed outward basically at the
high altitude limit for the atmosphere to carry the particulates associated with this
gigantic explosion. Then, the columns penetrated the mushroom clouds, which were at
altitudes of about 55,000 feet (17 km), and continued on out into space tightly coupled
along the diallel gravitational field lines. The distance observed for continuation
of the column on Bravo was to 130,000 feet (40 km) -- extending far into the
stratosphere. One will note that the column extends to a height above the bottom of
the cloud greater than this distance from the earth up to the cloud.
At the same time, a nearly equivalent amount of energy was fed downward to the core of
the earth. This, along with all of the other atomic bomb testing by the USA as well
as by all other nations across the earth, has caused a significant amount of core heating
and may be the primary reason for the rising of earth temperatures and ocean heating --
having thrown it out of ecological balance. It is as if the earth has a slight
In 1960, the former Soviet Union set off a 50 Mega-ton hydrogen bomb blast above the
atmosphere -- causing no fall out, but an enormous energy impact. This bomb, alone,
produced more energy than the accumulated effect of all other bombs ever set off before
There is a mechanism within this new theory which would also explain why the ozone
layer could be thinning as a result of this imbalance and the increased energy flow out of
the poles of the earth.
As there are anti-particles, so also are there anti-diallel gravitational field
lines. Creating these would counter the effects of gravity. Hence, in
principle, one could build a machine with zero gravitational field in proximity.
As we learn how to focus, generate and control these diallel gravitational field lines,
then great utilization can be made of this knowledge. Later, we will give an example
of how diallel gravitational field lines are focused. This will be given in the discussion
of "blue jets and red sprites." Earlier, we discussed how these diallel
lines can be absorbed and reflected to a degree.
Tesla had the idea to use the round trip time of a radio frequency, RF wave, pumped
into the earth. He apparently understood that this RF wave would follow along a
diameter of the earth, and that he could use the earth's shell (along the diameter at
which he was located) as a resonator. This RF wave would reflect off of the other
side of the earth and come back to the region of transmission, at which point, he would
pump the signal with an additional burst of RF. Like a child on a swing -- pumping
up -- every 1/30 of a second (the round trip time for his RF signal back and forth through
the earth) he would pulse the earth again to build up the energy level.
He built a big radio tower for this purpose, and soon almost everything in the town of
Colorado Springs was electrified. He still holds the record for the longest man made
lightning bolt of 135 feet. He kept pulsing the earth until the generator at the
power station caught on fire. This shut him down and turned off the lights for the
residents of Colorado Springs!
From classical physics, one may ask, "If the earth is a conducting sphere, why
don't the radio waves disperse in all directions according to the multimode conditions of
a conducting sphere? Why do the signals move inside the earth preferentially along a
diameter?" In the new theory the photons, like electrons, tend to follow
diallel lines -- hence, the efficiency of Tesla's RF pumping scheme. This is nicely
consistent with this new unified field theory.
As the body goes up and down, the free electrons tend toward the body's extremities
(head and feet), as they interact with the vertical diallel gravitational field
lines. As a result, the electron charge build-up causes the hair to stand on end --
due to electrostatic repulsion.
There are those in the health-improvement community that believe the body's lymphatic
system is significantly enhanced in dealing with the body's poisons, by jumping on a
rebounder. The current theory may give some additional reasons for this as the
electrons in the lymphatic system may be energized by up and down movement of the body
along the diallel lines.
In the body, ionized hydrogen atoms, the quantity of which determine the pH level, play
a major role in molecular physiology, such as in determining the healthy replication of
DNA molecules. There is now significant evidence that the healthy (non-carcinogenic)
reproduction of DNA molecules has a dependence on the pH level. Simplistically, this
kind of exercise, along with a plant- based diet, helps move the pH basic and can reduce
the probability of cancer by 80\%.
At the membrane level, these protons are principal in the healthy function of the
body's electrical system. Because health enhancement has been appreciated by those
regularly jumping on rebounders, the current theory may give some explanations as to why
this is so. Certainly, much more study is needed in this area to understand the
mechanisms for the benefits observed.
As with the earth, so with people, balance is very important and too many electrons and
high levels of electrical interference can create health problems. It seems that too
much of anything is never the best solution. The earth needs to be in balance as do
we in body, mind and spirit.
For illustrative purposes, imagine two semicircles with the diameters together and with
the current circulating in opposite directions in each of the two. Thus, the current would
flow in the same direction along the conducting diameter. If the electrons could be
made to bind to the diallel lines, then they would be spaced in bundles associated with
each line along the diameter - - the diameter being at right angles to these lines.
Bound by the quantum forces, these bundles of electrons would move with the diallel
lines. The return current in each of the semicircles would be moving rapidly across
the diallel lines if, for example, the diameter is crossing the diallel lines as in a
If an oscillator could be designed to both sense these pulses and to balance their
movement in order to overcome the resistance in the semicircle loops, then this
oscillator's frequency would be locked to the frequency of passage of the diallel
lines. This would be like a space odometer. If this oscillator could be locked
with no slips, this could, in principle, precisely map the number of the diallel lines.
Against a good reference-frequency standard, this could yield very precise information
about the mass density of the earth as the density of these lines changes with the mass
density from which they originate. This could allow fine detailed measurements of
changes in these diallel lines due to sub-earth surface activities -- volcanic, and
otherwise. This may also allow a greatly improved estimate of the higher-order
moments of the earth's gravitational field. Mapping super-earth changes in diallel
lines could result from energy- density changes due to weather storm systems or other
On the surface of the earth, a highly precise diallel odometer could be compared with
an accurate distance device -- noting changes on an arc along the face of the earth.
Studies along an earthquake fault may allow the monitoring of stress build up and earth
quake prediction. The latter is not able to be done with any level of confidence at
If the diameters in this electron wheel were a plate, orthogonal to the diallel lines,
with sensors for counting the pulses at the edge of the plate, this would increase the
efficiency and the information. The counter-rotating loops are necessary to add to
zero the EMF contributed by local DC magnetic fields, and these fields need to be
nominally homogeneous for adequate cancellation of their force effects on the
electrons. These loops should probably be made as small as possible to minimize
their cross-sectional area. In a sophisticated system, the local magnetic fields could be
sensed, and the two loops adjusted to obtain complete cancellation of magnetic field
forces on the electrons.
At GPS orbits, the estimated frequency of the local oscillator would be about 200
MHz. This seems to be a very do-able experiment. It could be done in the space
Since the diallel field line spacing can be influenced by the energy fields coming from
any of all the sources, this instrument would be very sensitive to those changes.
This proposed instrument would be very useful in designing an anti-gravity machine --
providing a measurement of one's ability to control and utilize the diallel gravitational
In the above, we have assumed that the spacing of the diallel field lines at the
surface of the earth is about 10 micrometers. The first author's experience with
standing numerous eggs is consistent with this value as one observes the locking range of
the egg's built-in servo for causing it to stand on end.
Quoting from the book Solar System Astrophysics by Brandt and Hodge (p406),
"The displays of Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis have excited the imagination of
men for many years. Considerable observational and theoretical effort has been
devoted to the solution of the auroral problem, but essential understanding is yet to
come." Though this book is copyright 1964, and much has been learned since
then, still this field of research has many mysteries and unexplained phenomena.
The Aurora Borealis is a good example of atmospheric conditions being in the correct
alignment to see radiation in the visible from the high-energy electrons following diallel
lines and causing atmospheric molecules to move to an excited energy state -- after which
they emit in the visible, which we see.
The center of the velocity distribution of electrons from the sun is about 1.2 Mm/s
(2.7 million MPH or about 0.4 percent of the velocity of light). Capturing this much
energy in the form of an excited electron decaying and radiating a photon yields a photon
with a frequency of about 1 X 1015 Hz. This is in the near ultraviolet
region of the spectrum. The width of the velocity distribution would produce
transitions both in the optical and further into the ultraviolet.
This new unified field theory would predict a congruent set of spectral lines in the
ultra violet corresponding to each of the lines in the visible because of the allowed
quantum states of these spiraling electrons. This congruency occurs symmetrically on
either side of approximately the above UV frequency for the following reasons. As
the electrons come into the North Pole of the earth, the spiraling direction caused by the
magnetic field and the diallel gravitational field lines are both clockwise with, of
course, the gravitational force vector being downward. This moves the electrons into
a higher set of quantum states than after the electron is reflected back up. As the
electron is slowed down in the converging magnetic field lines it radiates in a set of
lines in the UV region of the spectrum. When these electrons are reflected -- going
away from the earth -- this moves the electrons into a lower set of quantum states, which
causes the electrons as they undergo transitions with their acceleration in the magnetic
field to radiate in the visible, which is what we see. These UV photons could be measured
with special spectral analysis equipment and have been observed on Saturn with a UV camera
on the Hubble telescope.
This new theory also explains why the aurora are much stronger in the Northern
Hemisphere than in the Southern. Since the spin direction of an electron coming into
the North magnetic pole along a magnetic field line is clockwise and is complemented by
the spin direction due to the diallel gravitational field lines, there is an augmentation
in the Northern Hemisphere of the earth for those higher-energy electrons reaching the
earth and being conducted through the center. On the other hand, there is some
cancellation in the Southern Hemisphere. That is, the electron's spin is
counter-clockwise coming into the south magnetic pole, while they want to spin clockwise
due to the diallel gravitational field lines. This then results in a resistance at
the south magnetic pole. The net is a flow of electrons from the North to the South
Poles of the earth. This then sustains the magnetic field of the earth. Since most
of the interaction of the diallel lines and the magnetic field lines occur near the poles,
this has negligible effect on humanity.
One can simulate the Aurora Borealis by simulating the North Pole with a magnetic field
-- divergent in nature as at the North Pole -- going through a container of liquid
nitrogen and the vapor that forms above it. This vapor acts like the atmosphere for
the northern lights to reflect off of as we see the visible variable lines as they play
across the sky.
Aurora Borealis Simulation
for the Earth
Emitting electrons from above the container at the right velocity
downward toward the liquid nitrogen, which will then follow diallel gravitational field
lines' as well as the convergent magnetic field lines, will bring about the
simulation. These electrons will spiral clockwise as they interact with the magnetic
field and with the diallel gravitational field quantum states.
As the electrons lose momentum -- being decelerated by the convergent magnetic field --
they will undergo quantum transitions in the UV region of the spectrum. As they are
reflected back up the magnetic field lines, they will undergo transitions in a congruent
set of quantum states in the visible region of the spectrum -- giving rise to the radiated
colors observed in Aurora Borealis.
The right velocity for the electron emission will be dependent on the convergence and
the strength of the magnetic field chosen for the experiment. Since such a simulation will
be a microscopic simulation of the North Magnetic Pole, some calculations will help to
determine a proper range for this electron emission velocity.
This relatively new area of research provides a fascinating confirmation and model for
this new unified field theory. Blue jets, red sprites and Elfs are prone to occur
above high-intensity thunder storms. (see the 1994 artist's drawing)
A burst of electrons is emitted from a high-energy field in a
thunderstorm and spews off into space following definite lines. It achieves heights
approaching 80 km in less than a second. Velocities of Mach 300 have been
measured. The blue jets occur first above the clouds and are not always
observed. Above the blue jets, toward the top of the burst, the red sprites, as they
have come to be called, are formed. The elfs are doughnut rings of electromagnetic
radiation going out horizontally, but above the storm system, at the time of the burst.
From the new theory, we understand that the energy-density field in the highly
energetic storm system acts a little bit like a lens for the diallel gravitational field
lines. This is like a ray of light hitting a lens; the light is refracted and bent
according to the principle of least action. This principle, as has been demonstrated
for standing eggs, works for diallel lines as well causing them to be bent at boundaries
where there are changes in the energy-density field.
The attached image shows a spectacular and classic example of this lensing effect as
the blue jets focus electrons along the diallel gravitational field lines of this
cone-shaped burst of energy -- mimicking an optical lens to some degree. There is a
very high energy build-up in the thundercloud storm system where these blue jets
originate. As these electrons burst off into space along diallel lines which have
been focused by this energy-density field lens, electromagnetic energy is emitted at right
angels (called elfs) -- forming an outward going doughnut. These photons will likely
be polarized as they come from a quantum emission from this energy-density lens.
These elfs are somewhat like the lateral energy release at the time of a nuclear
explosion. In fact, the elfs, blue jets and red sprites are like a miniature nuclear
explosion, but in a different part of the spectrum as to emissions and colors -- different
set of quantum states for the diallel field lines as a result of the much lower energy
The velocity and focused energy of the electrons is such that they emit in the
blue. As this blue photon energy is bled off of this cone, when the cone gets small
enough the system transitions to a lower quantum state -- setting up a new energy-density
lens at the top of the blue cone. This in turn brings about a focusing of other free
electrons which have also been emitted from this thunder-storm cloud's energy
release. All of these then combine to form a new red cone emitting in the red part
of the spectrum at a lower energy level. The new theory predicts the possibility of
another transition at the top of the "Red Sprite," which cause the electrons to
emit photons in the infrared, which haven't been photographed to date -- not anticipating
According to equation (1) above the flow of electrons from the sun to the planets will
be a function of energy density presented by the planets to the sun. The sun is the
source, the planets the sink for this electron flow. When in balance, this electron flow
is like food to the earth -- bringing about the balance of nature most desirable for life.
At the core of the sun is a sustained nuclear fusion process, which is influenced by
the electron flow. As the electron flow increases, the energy released in
thermo-nuclear fusion increases, and some of this energy propagates readily along the
diallel gravitational field lines of the sun to its surface -- triggering the sunspot
activity where nuclear fission and numerous other molecular and chemical processes take
place. These processes also contribute directly to electron emission from the
sun. The ionosphere of the earth, for example, is impacted directly by the solar
activity at the surface of the sun.
The conductance to electrons presented by the planets mainly draws electrons from the
sun along its magnetic spin axis, but also accepts electron emitted by the sun's
surface. This is because the flow is a direct function of the energy-density per
equation (1), and hence where there is the highest concentration of diallel field lines
for this conductance.
Both the magnetic field of a planet as well as its energy density at the core will be
key contributors to the conductance presented. Since the direction of spiraling for
the electrons is the same for the diallel gravitational field lines as for the north
magnetic field lines, the presentation of the north magnetic pole causes a greater
attraction of electrons than the presentation of the south magnetic pole to the sun.
Hence, the seasons of the planets are important to this electron flow, as are the spin
tilt axes, as well as their position in their inclined orbital plane. A highly
non-linear situation exists here because the flow of electrons directly affects the
magnetic field while the magnetic field affects the attraction of electrons from the
sun. In addition, the electron flow through a planet affects the fission process at
the center for those that have this process taking place.
The solar magnetic field has reversed direction about every 11 years -- nominally
synchronous with the sunspot cycle. So the north magnetic pole of the sun has
repeated about every 22 years -- at least in the recent recorded past. The period of
22 years is by no means precise, and solar maxima have not been well predicted to much
better than about a year out of the 11 year half cycle (a solar maximum occurs once per
half cycle). Barnes, in fact, has shown that the solar activity can be well modeled
as narrow-band filtered noise, which is completely consistent with this new unified field
theory. [ref Dr. James A. Barnes] In other words, the peaks and valleys of the solar cycle
vary greatly in magnitude and duration from cycle to cycle as they depend on the position
and tilt of each planet and its conductance presented for this electron flow.
Given the significant amount of variability, this new theory provides a plausible
driving mechanism for the reversal of the magnetic poles of the sun as well as for
the magnitude and duration of the solar activity level. Furthermore, it can lead to much
better predictability of not only the solar maxima, but also of their duration and
magnitude. In addition, this theory gives rise for a mechanism for the magnetic
field of the planets to change and reverse.
The explanation is as follows: the position of the planets in the solar system with
respect to each other and with respect to the sun determine the flow of electrons along
the diallel lines. It is like having paths of conductivity and resistivity for the
solar emissions as the planets move with respect to the spin axis of the sun. Here,
we have to account for both the tilt angle of the planets as well as their orbital planes
as we look at conductivity and resistivity for emission electron paths. The sun is
the source, the planets are the sinks and their parallel augmentation directly affects the
effective conductivity -- hence the flow (quantity) of electrons.
As an illustrative example, the periods of the planets and their harmonic relationship
to the period of the solar sunspot cycle are shown in the following table.
Planets' Periods and Ratio to Solar Magnetic Cycle
|Harmonic Relationship between Planets' Periods
and Solar Magnetic Cycle
In general terms, we see these integer harmonic relationships between
the main planet periods and the solar magnetic period of 22 years. The inference is
that 22 years is in a harmonic relationship with the periods of the planets. According to
our new unified field theory the electron flow in the solar system along diallel
gravitational field lines will be impacted directly by these harmonic relationships as the
planets increase and decrease their susceptibility to electrons from the sun -- since it
is the source. This will then cause a repeat in the direction of electron flow
through the center of the sun with a 22 year period. The planets being nominally out
of phase on the 11 year half cycle will induce a reversal of the magnetic field.
All of the gas-giant planets plus the earth have significant magnetic fields. Aurora
have been observed on Jupiter and Saturn. These magnetic fields increase the
electron receptivity of these planets, and they are principal in their harmonic
relationships with the solar magnetic cycle. Here the A2
term in equation (1) becomes very important as we consider energy flow (electrons
especially) along parallel diallel gravitational-field lines as a pair of planets with
significant magnetic fields comes into alignment with the sun.
Using the software developed by William Riley for characterizing the performance of the
clocks used in the Global Positioning System (GPS), all of the recorded sunspot activity
data were analyzed to look for planetary resonances (see the "FREQUENCY
STABILITY" of "totalssn.txt" figure). As one looks at the plot, one sees
peaks and valleys for sigma -- the frequency stability. Sigma minimum values
(valleys) can occur when J (tau) is equal to the
period (1/frequency) of a periodic phenomena that is present in the data. The first major
minimum corresponds to 10 times the orbit period of the Earth, 5 times the orbit period of
Mars, and to the orbit period of Jupiter. The second minimum corresponds to the 22
year period of the sunspot cycle. The third minimum corresponds to the orbit period
of Saturn. The J values are not long enough to
detect the orbit periods of Uranus and Neptune. If one studies the stability data in
detail, very slight minima occur at the orbit period J
values for the Earth and Mercury.
Since the periods, Ji, of the
planets are well known, one can form the following equation as a model for the magnetic
field conductance for the ith planet:
Ci = Ai cos(2Bt/Ti + Bi) *
*" B" should read
All the planets except Mercury, Venus and Pluto seemed to have significant magnetic
coefficients. According to equation (1) the value of Bi should
correspond with north-magnetic pole solstice for a planet, in other words, when the
north-magnetic pole is facing the sun to the greatest extent. This was tested for
the Earth, Jupiter and Saturn and the average agreed to about 1 percent of a cycle with a
standard deviation of 15 percent. Like the sun, the data give evidence that the
magnetic poles of Jupiter and Saturn are also changing. It appears that Saturn's
field has changed this century and Jupiter's is changing slowly. Currently, the
magnetic field direction for Jupiter and Saturn are opposite that of the Earth, and
Jupiter's is slowly increasing.
Because of the highly non-linear nature of the conductance causing the electron flow
from the sun, frequency differences are also present in the data. It seems that the
principle term in the sunspot cycle is due to the difference (or beat) frequency between
the changing magnetic field of Jupiter and Jupiter's orbit frequency.
Again according to equation(1), the parallel portion given by the equation shows itself
in a fundamental way as a pair of planets line up with the sun. This occurs frequently and
adds significantly to the electron flow from the sun and hence in the model for the
sunspot activity. For example, the big sunspot peak around 1960 corresponds almost
exactly with the alignment of Jupiter and Neptune. Since Jupiter's magnetic field
appears to be increasing, which is consistent with the two sets of Voyager data, the
magnetic field of Neptune must be decreasing -- to explain the sunspot data observed.
A model was developed using the planetary data as an estimate of the driving mechanism
for the sunspot data. The actual and the model of the sunspot data are shown in the
figure for this century. The model is projected through the year 2,000. (See the
There has been a lot of discussion about the coming nominal alignment of the planets,
which reaches its best alignment about 3 May 2000. The last time such an alignment
occurred is estimated to have been 6,000 years ago. This is misleading and not
correct. Classical gravitational theory predicts a small and relatively
insignificant impact on earth tides and weather patterns from this alignment. The
figure shows the relative position of the planets during this early May 2000 alignment.
From this new unified field theory, the principal issue is the alignment of Jupiter and
Saturn, which actually occurs about 13 June 2000. Numerous similar alignments have
taken place during this century. That Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are in somewhat
close alignment is not of great significance, because equation(1) requires them to much
closer than they will be at this time. The parallel part of equation(1) tells us
that the closer the alignment the more significant is the effect on the energy-density.
However, as one can see from the general model, this new theory does predict the
sunspot activity to continue increasing throughout the year 2000. The resulting
excess electron flow along with the extra core heating of the Earth due to the accumulated
effects of all the nuclear bomb testing activity integrated since the 1940s and onward
give rise to excess earth-core heating and with some thinning of the earth's crust --
causing an increase in the probability of earth quakes, and increased weather
activity. During this time the Aurora Borealis for the earth could become very
large. This could also be true for Jupiter and Saturn.
Fortunately, the Earth will be on the opposite side of the sun from the other aligned
planets. The principle conductivity path will then be away from us and toward the planets
on the other side of the sun. If the earth were in that path, it would be party to
this heavy electron flow. Then things could be much more intense. But
being on the opposite side gives to us the secondary effect of a maximum build up of the
sunspot activity. This will also significantly impact our ionosphere, which
secondarily could affect communications and space probes.
John Anderson and colleagues of NASA JPL, experts in the determination of space-craft
position, have published discrepancies observed in the locations of Pioneer I, Pioneer II
and of the Ulysses solar probe. To date the discrepancies in the data cannot be
fully explained. They have raised the question as to whether there is a fundamental
problem in our understanding of gravity or time. The space vehicles exhibit a pull
toward the sun greater than current theory would predict.
Equation (1) explains why additional "tug" toward the sun occurs. Each
of the vehicles has an RTG plutonium-powered nuclear reactor for the generation of local
power. This increases significantly the energy-density for the vehicle and causes a
focusing of gravitational diallel field lines from the sun -- resulting in an extra
gravitational pull. The effect is small, but measurable.
An experiment could be conducted on the earth to validate this hypothesis. One of these
RTGs could be placed on a sensitive balance scale. According to this new theory, its
weight will be slightly greater when turned on than when off. Perhaps an even
simpler experiment could be conducted by taking a high energy transformer and placing it
on a sensitive balance with an appropriate load to pull the energy through the
transformer. When the transformer is fed power, it should weigh slightly more than
One could also see this effect in proximity of electric-power stations. The
diallel gravitational field lines will again be distorted slightly because of the high
energy density in the very large transformers associated with these stations. If one
could place a plumb-bob at various positions over the top of one of these power stations,
perturbations in local verticals would be observed.
An additional experiment would be to place a pendulum over one of these stations.
Its period could be measured with a laser and a corner reflector on the bob. The
pendulum would tend to speed up slightly in the presence of the increased density of the
diallel field lines immediately over the transformer substation. It would also tend
to swing asymmetrically when located away from the center of the substation and far enough
away to not be disturbed by it.